Tourism: Festivals and Fairs in Uttarakhand one should know and visit too Continued
Uttarakhand is always used as a favourite place for tourism for many of the tourists. In this tourism article we are providing the rest of the Fairs and Festivals that are celebrated here.
Hilljatra Festival of Uttarakhand
It is a traditional festival especially celebrated in the district of Pithoragarh, which involves the celebration in three phases with performances of goat sacrifice, drama and popular songs.
Hilljatra is one of the traditional festivals held in the state of Uttarakhand, especially in the Pithoragarh district of the Kumaon region. The festival is celebrated mainly by people related to agriculture in the state. It is believed that the origin of this festival comes from the Sorar region, in western Nepal, to the Sor valley, and was initially introduced in the village of Kumaour. Later, it was also observed by the people of Bajethi and other villages in the Pithoragarh district.
Along with that, the regions of Kanalichhina and Askot also accepted the festival as ‘Hiran Chital’ with some modifications. During the festival, a deer dressed in white is worshiped as a regional god. The festival takes place in three phases, and in the first phase the goat sacrifice is performed with all the rituals, while in the second phase, the dramas are performed for the public and in the third and final stage, songs are sung and danced.
This festival in Uttarakhand is celebrated in the memory of the rulers of Champawat as it is related to their victory. However, the main connection of the festival is with the planting of rice together with the agricultural and pastoral workers of the rainy season. Another belief behind this festival is that King Kuru of the Chand dynasty once went to Sorar to participate in the Hilljatra Festival and sacrificed a buffalo with horns that covered his neck. This made the people happy and they decided to give gifts to the King. King Kuru then decided to present the festival in the Sor Valley and asked for four masks; Halwaha, two oxen, one implement, the Nepalese plow and Lakhiabhoot as a gift. Therefore, the Hilljatra festival was introduced in the state of Uttarakhand.
Kandali Festival of Uttarakhand
This festival is celebrated by the Rung Tribe of Pithoragarh District, Kangdali is a festival that commemorate the defeat of Zorawar Singh’s army. The festival includes singing folk songs and uprooting of Kangdali plant.
Festivals in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand have their own charm and charm. Kangdali is one of the festivals organized in the district of Pithoragarh. This festival is celebrated between the months of August and October and is celebrated in the Chaundas Valley every 12 years as well as Kangdali flowering plants. Those who anticipate more this auspicious festival are the Rung Tribes of Pithoragarh District. This local festival was the last time in 2011, when the tribes commemorate the defeat of the army of Zorawar Singh, who attacked the area in the late nineteenth century.
One can find several mythologies that follow the celebration of this auspicious festival. The popular heard and represented at the festival is that when the villages near Pithoragarh were stolen by soldiers who were on their way along the Kali River, found a place to rescue Kangdali plants. When the village women tried to repel the soldiers, the same plants were destroyed and uprooted. The rituals that are followed in the festival are women starting the tour where uprooted crop plants during the watercourse period as well as men and children carrying swords. The plants are brought home like the March war. A festival with such great history is incomplete without the fascinating sound of music and folk dancing, and so the tribes perform their special dance on the destruction of plants that bloom every 12 years in the region. Travelers from all over the country are accompanied by locals from other cities to make the festival extravagant and to keep the traditions and customs together for ages to come.
Kanwar Yatra of Uttarakhand
With the beginning of the Hindu month of Shravan (beginning in mid-July) begins the sacred pilgrimage trip, Kanwar Yatra in Uttarakhand and other parts of India too.
During this Yatra, millions of devotees of known as “Kanwariya” from all the states and cities in India Shiva make a trip to Haridwar, Gangotri and Gaumukh in the state of Uttarakhand singing Bol Bam to collect the Ganges holy water take it through hundreds of miles to offer its popular local temples or Shiva Mahadeva Pura and Augharnath temple to Meerut, Kashi Vishwanath and, Baidyanath and Deoghar in Jharkhand. During the Kanatra Yatra that begins in the monsoon months, Lord Shiva’s devotees even observe a fast on Monday.
In Haridwar, Gangotri and Gaumukh in Uttarakhand, the devotees take a sacred bath in the Ganges. Water when transported to their place of origin is used to bathe the Shivalingam on the day of Amavasya (New Moon) in the month of Shravan or Maha Shivratri’s day. Large camps and reunions can be seen in Haridwar and Gangotri during the Kanwar Yatra, which is a sacred month-long journey. In fact, the meeting at Ganga Ghats in Haridwar has been recorded as one of the largest human gatherings in India.
Bissu Fair of Uttarakhand
Savor the cultural nuances of the Jaunsari tribe of Dehradun and savor the lifestyle at the Garhwal Fair a week to celebrate the good harvest and prosperity in the carnatic beauty of the Santoora Devi Temple.
You will enjoy the warm air of the Uttarakhand festivities, as the “Land of the Gods” welcomes you to be part of their culture and widespread traditions. Throughout the land’s extension, you will find a completely different number of places, cultures, traditions and parties. One of these Mela / Fair organized in the bissu Chakrata Dehradun Mela district is celebrated by the Jaunsari tribe of Chakrata Tehsil. The community of Jaunsari marks its presence in the region of Jaunsar-Bawar, very close to the border with Himachal. When we examine in depth the past events of history, we find that the tribe has its origins in the Pandavas of Mahabharat.
The fair is held for a week under a good harvest season in Uttarakhand. According to the Hindu calendar, the Mela marks the beginning of the Shukla Paksha in the months of Chaitra. The highlight of the fair is that residents of neighboring villages and areas such as Tehri, Uttarkashi, Saharanpur come together to praise and spread his love and affection for Santoora Devi, an incarnation of goddess Durga. The Mela is happy in a fun and entertaining environment to sway and sing folk music in an energetic and relaxing way where men and women wear traditional sparkling their region of extravagant clothes. In addition, the main reason for ritualizing all festivals is to keep spirituality, culture and traditions intact and pass them on to the next generation.
Tourism: Magh Mela of Uttarakhand
Relax in the spiritual aura of Uttarkashi as you immerse yourself in the sacred river and take home a Uttarakhand hue of the auspicious mela largely owned by Makar sankranti.
Magh Mela is known to be one of the most popular fairs in Uttarkashi district in Uttarakhand state in the Garhwal region. It is a religious and cultural fair that has become an important tourist festival for the state. It is celebrated in the month of Magh (January) and has fixed dates every year, from January 14 (date of the celebration of Makar Sankranti) to January 21. The first day of the fair is conducted to Dolis or Palanquin, god of Kandar and other Hindu gods and goddesses from various regions of Uttarkashi, at the Ramlila field of Uttarkashi by the village of Pata-Sangrali. During this fair, devotees from different places come to Ganga Snan (take a bath in the Ganga River).
Magh Mela lasts more than a week during which people from different parts of Uttarakhand showcase their local products and handmade items. People begin the beginning of this festival with the rhythm of the drums in the city on the banks of the Bhagirathi River. This festival is also important because it shows the traditional side of the state of Uttarakhand. The fair in modern times is not limited to Uttarkashi district, it is now organized in several places in the state. As the fair takes place in January, a ski area is prepared in Dayara Bugyal, one of the most beautiful meadows in India.
NandaDevi Raj Jaat Yatra of Uttarakhand
In commemoration of the journey of the goddess Nanda to the Nanda Devi Parbat, this arduous 3-week pilgrimage trip in Uttarakhand is considered an important event in the life of a Hindu devotees.
Nanda Devi Raj Jaat or Himalayan Mahakumbh is a festival in Uttarakhand in which the goddess Nanda Devi (also known as Gaura and Raj Rajeshwari in the Garhwal division) is worshiped. Devotees from the Garhwal and Kumaon regions of Uttarakhand state along with other parts of the country participate in the sacred yatra. It is believed that the goddess Nanda Devi is the consort of Lord Shiva and the daughter of the ruler of the Mountains. According to the beliefs, Nanda Devi is an avatar of the Parvati Goddess or considered her sister. In addition, the goddess Nanda Devi is the main divinity of the Garhwal and Kumaon divisions of the Uttarakhand state. This festival is held for three weeks and is organized once every twelve years in the Chamoli district of the Garhwal region. Nanda Devi Raj Jaat Yatra takes place on a long route that takes almost twenty-two days. This festival also takes place in Nainital(City of Lakes).
Jat refers to Dev Yatra that describes the stories of the union of deities and devotees. The distance of this entire trip (yatra) is about 280 km. The sacred yatra begins in the Nauti village in Karanprayag of the Chamoli district and ends in Roopkund, where hundreds of skeletons can be seen. The yatra begins once the “Kunwar” of the Kansua people inaugurates it with the rituals. The three weeks of the trip are full of exposure to culture, lifestyle, flora and fauna of Uttarakhand. The Nanda Devi Raj Jaat Yatra begins with the birth of Chausingha Khadu. People say that the goddess Nanda Devi left her village and went to Nanda Devi Parbat. Therefore, intense rain occurs when the yatra begins, as if the Goddess is crying.
Tourism: Kumbh Mela Haridwar of Uttarakhand
Accompanied by millions of pilgrims to bathe in the blessed river Ganges, Kumbh Mela is the largest religious religious gathering in the world. Illuminate your senses in the sacred Haridwar during Kumbh Mela, which has been recognized as Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.
Haridwar, in Uttarakhand, is being offered the opportunity to celebrate one of the largest gatherings of Hindu worshipers in the world. Blessed by the presence of the Ganga River, Haridwar and his ghats organize the popular Kumbha Mela, Ardh Kumbh Mela and Maha Kumbh Mela every 3, 6 and 12 years, respectively. Millions of people from all over the world come to bathe in the holy water of the Ganges at this fair in Uttarakhand. In addition to Haridwar, Kumbh Mela takes place in Nasik, on the shore of the Godavari River; Allahabad at the famous confluence of the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati and Ujjain on the bank of the Shipra River. According to Hindu mythology, Haridwar is one of the four places where the elixir fell during the war between gods and demons and that is why the Earth is considered blessed.
Bathing in the waters of the Ganges is symbolic to obtain immortality during the Kumbha Mela and, consequently, a large number of believers indulge in this act of bathing. A number of Akhadas participate in the Kumbha Mela, among which the Naga are the ones who have the opportunity to take the first bath. In addition to being one of the most conducive religious events for all Hindus around the world, this Kumbh Mela in Haridwar is always a great visual treat. It attracts ordinary visitors, media, filmmakers, correspondents, writers and viewers from around the world. Haridwar Kumbh Mela is also one of the largest human gatherings in the world, as millions of people took bath in the Ganges.
Uttarayani Festival of Uttarakhand
This traditional and bright fair is also a privileged place to witness the richness of the culture and art of the region. Held at several locations in the Kumaon region, Uttarayani Mela marks the movement of the sun from the southern hemisphere to the northern hemisphere.
The Uttarayani Fair usually takes place the second week of January every year on the holy occasion of Makar Sankranti. It takes place in several places in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, including Bageshwar, Ranibagh and Hanseswari, although the biggest fair has always been Bageshwar. The land of Bagnath’s sacred temple in Bageshwar, on the banks of the Saryu River, becomes the site of the week-long fair. During the Mela, when we say that the sun moves from the southern hemisphere to the northern hemisphere, it is considered suitable for swimming in the river water.
The view of large gatherings dressed in bright and colorful clothing that results in visual enjoyment. People are in a good mood and sing and dance to enjoy the festival and the day. During the festival, you will surely enjoy the impressive performances of folk artists as they sing Jhoras, Chancharis and Bairas during the celebration. People also immerse themselves in the sacred river because the fair begins with a very favorable day and it is thought that the immersion purifies the soul and the body. A variety of local products, such as iron and copper containers, baskets, barrels, bamboo items, mats, mattresses, rugs, blankets, herbs and spices can be purchased at the fair. One can watch the video to feel the actual atmosphere of Uttarayani fair. Video directed by Amit Maindoli and filmed by Praveen Bhatt.