Valley of Flowers is in the Western Himalayas in Uttarakhand, known for its meadows of alpine flowers and its variety of plants. This rich diversity area is also home to rare and endangered animals, including Asian Black Bear, Snow Leopard, Musk deer, brown bear, red fox and blue sheep. The birds in the park include Himalayas and other birds at high altitudes. From 3352-3658 meters above sea level, the peaceful landscape of the national flower garden is full of wild and rugged landscape National Park Nanda Devi, East Valley. Together, they form a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of Zanskar and the Greater Himalayas. The park covers an area of 87 km 2 and is about 8 km long and 2 km wide. Both hikers are located in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, also surrounded by a buffer zone. Nanda Devi National Park Reserve is located in the UNESCO Biosphere Reserves.
The Valley of Flowers is a high altitude of the Himalayas Valley has been recognized by famous climbers, botanists and literature. Has been internationally recognized for more than a century as a reference in the Hindu religion. The locals have visited the valley since ancient times. Indian Yogis are known to have visited the valley to meditate. The Valley of Flowers contains many different colored flowers, with many shades of color over time. The Valley National Park was declared in 1982 and is now a World Heritage Site.
Flower Valley has gained importance as an area containing a variety of alpine plants, representative shrubs and alpine meadows of the Western Himalayan Mountains. The rich diversity of species reflects the location of a valley within a transitional zone between the Zanskar and Himalayan regions of the north and south, respectively, between plants in the Eastern Himalayas and the Western Himalayas. Many plant species are threatened. Many are not registered outside Uttaranchal. Two are not registered at Nanda Devi National Park. The diversity of species of medicinal plants is at greater risk than that recorded in other protected areas in India in the Himalayas. The entire Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve is located in the endemic area of the Himalayas. Valley of Flowers National Reserve is the second major area of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. There are seven species of birds banned in this part of the endemic bird area.
Located in the Chamoli area of Uttarakhand, the nearest town is Ghangharia, after Joshimath.
The Flower Valley is located on the heights of Bhyundar Ganga, near Joshimath, in the Garhwal area. The lower reaches of Bhyundar Ganga, near Gobindghat, are known as the Bhyundar Valley. The Valley of Flowers is located in the Pushbawati Valley, 23 km northwest of Nanda Devi Park.
The valley is located 20 km from Nanda Devi National Park northwest, across the wide Gyeong Bhyundar valley. This is one of the two valleys hanging on top of the Bhyundar Valleys, the other Hemkund is the shorter parallel valley about 10 km south. It extends from east to west about 15 km, with an average width of 6 km, in the Pushpawati River Basin, one of the small tributaries of the icy TIPRA descending from Gori Parbat this.
The area is in Zanskar Himalaya, the highest point in the National Park being the Parbatat Gori to 6719 meters above sea level. The best time to visit the Valley of Flowers depends on your taste for a beautiful valley forever If you want to see many flowers in July and August, it is best to visit many glaciers in June to see the Brahamkamal flowers to Hemkund in August and September is the best time.
The place was not known to the outside world because of its inaccessibility. In 1931, Frank Smith and R. Holdworth all the British climbers converted, while returning from a successful trip to Mount Illimani and went to a valley filled with flowers. The beauty of the area attracted them and called it the Valley of Flowers.
Professor Chandra Prakash Kala, a botanist at the Wildlife Institute of India, conducted a study on the conservation of flowers and valleys for a decade in 1993. He compiled an inventory of 520 exclusive cotton plants in the region. Park and write two important books – “Valley of Flowers – Legend and Realism” and “Environment and Conservation of the National Flower Valley Park, Garhwal Himalayas.”
The park is managed by the State Forestry Department of Uttarakhand, Ministry of Environment and National Forests, India. There is no facility in the National Park grazing has been banned in this area since 1983. The park is only open during the summer from June to October and is covered by snow for the rest of the year.
The Nanda Devi Basin features a distinctive local climate. Conditions are usually dry with little annual rainfall, but there is heavy seasonal rain from late June to early September. The predominant fog and low clouds during the monsoons keep the soil moist, so the vegetation is heavier than usual in the dry valleys of the Himalayas. From mid-April to June temperatures are moderate to cold (maximum 19 ° C). Wadi al-Zuhour also has a small climate for a closed Himalayan inner valley, protected from the total impact of the south-western monsoon of the Great Himalayas to the south. There is often heavy fog and rain, especially during the late summer monsoon. The basin and the valley are usually covered in snow for six to seven months between the end of October and the end of March, with snow accumulating deeper and at low altitudes in the shadowed south on the north side of the valleys.
Access to the Flower Valley requires a walk of about 17 km. The nearest town is Joshimath in Garhwal, which is in good contact with Haridwar and Dehradun, about 270 km from Joshimath. From Delhi, you can take the train to Haridwar and then take the bus to Govindgat via Rishikesh. Govindghat is approximately 24 km from another important point in Badrinath. It is also possible to drive from Delhi to Govindgat, at a distance of about 500 km.
Govindghat is a small place near Joshimath, about an hour drive, where the walk starts. From Govindghat, common taxis up to 4 km and walk less than 11 km take hikers to Ghangaria, a small town about 3 km from the valley. Walking from Govindgat to Hungary is common in the Himekund Sikh Temple, and a traveler is likely to find many Sikh pilgrims on the way. Near Ghangaria, we find fields of scented wild flowers, wild roses and wild strawberries on both sides of the road. Visitors to the Flower Valley must obtain permission from the Forestry Department in Ghangaria. The permit is valid for three days and visits and trips are only allowed during the day. Visitors can not stay inside the National Park, where you can get a residence in Ghangaria. The best time to visit is between July and early September, when the valley is full of flowers right after the monsoon.